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JUNE 2010

The RAND Corporation: The North Caucasus: Russia's Long Struggle to Subdue the Circassians

posted by circassiankama on June, 2010 as CIRCASSIA ADIGA

The North Caucasus: Russia's Long Struggle to Subdue the Circassians by Paul B. Henze


August 1990

The RAND Corporation

All ethnic groups in the fragmenting Soviet Empire, including the Russians themselves, are reexamining their history and drawing conclusions from it that contrast sharply with views that have been imposed upon them by communist dogma. Few areas have as rich a history as the North Caucasus, where Russian armies fought from the 1830s into the 1860s to subdue the indigenous peoples. This paper explores a neglected aspect of Russia's prolonged Caucasian wars: the effort to conquer the Circassians and their stubborn resistance which culminated in emigration en masse when they were finally defeated. The long struggle of the North Caucasian mountaineers against Russia in the mid-19th century attracted broad European sympathy and admiration. Historians described the struggle primarily in terms of the leadership and personality ...

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OpenDemocracy: Circassian Nationalism and the Internet

posted by circassiankama on as CIRCASSIA ADIGA

Circassian Nationalism and the Internet, by Zeynel A. Besleney - openDemocracy

openDemocracy, May 21, 2010

Circassian communities are scattered throughout the North Caucasus and the diaspora is spread throughout the world. On the day of Circassian Genocide and Exile, Zeynel Abidin Besleney examines the role played by the internet as a lifeline linking otherwise isolated activists and communities and reinforcing the Circassian nationalist cause.

In recent years nationalism studies have been paying increasing attention, perhaps rightly, to the impact of the internet on various ethnic groups, national identities and diasporas. The internet facilitates trans-national communication between scattered communities beyond the geographical and political restrictions imposed by nation states, national institutions or by international borders. The internet is an important communication tool not only for the Circassian diaspora scattered all around the world, but also for Circassians living in their homeland. This article focuses on the use ...

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RT: Sochi Olympics Time For True Locals To Shine

posted by circassiankama on as CIRCASSIA ADIGA

Sochi Olympics time for true locals to shine

Published 05 June, 2010, 08:48

Edited 06 June, 2010, 20:25

The first inhabitants who populated Sochi are going to share their culture and traditions with the world at the upcoming Winter Olympics.


With a language, traditions and national identity of their own, this ethnic family is getting ready to give a performance of their lifetime.

The Adyg people are part of the big ethnic Circassian family, among the first inhabitants of the Caucasus. Song and dance are in their flesh and blood, and an integral part of life and culture. And in less than four years, they would like to share their culture with the whole world, in Sochi.

"The idea is to give a bright and unforgettable performance that will demonstrate the rich culture of the Adyg-Shapsug people who have populated Sochi ...

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NatPress: Reference About Ethnonym “Circassian” Caused Public Interest

posted by eagle on as CIRCASSIA ADIGA

Reference about ethnonym "Circassian” caused public interest 

24 June 2010 – 10:09 pm – NatPress 

On the Circassian Internet-sites they actively discuss the opinion letter of the Institute of ethnology and anthropology of the Russian academy of sciences concerned the ethnonym "Circassian”. That document appeared on May, 25th 2010 being signed by the chief department on Caucasus of that institute professor Sergey Arutiunov. The main conclusion of the opinion letter is the following:

” Modern researches prove that the ethnic identity and the basic layer of the traditional culture of Shapsugs, Adygs, Circassians and Kabardians are common. It testifies to that it is possible to consider the named groups as sub-ethnoses of one nation - Circassian (Adygeyan) people”.

They also named as Adygs descendants of Ubyhs – the people which had lived till the middle of the XIX century in the upper flows of Sochi and Shahe rivers and almost all deported to the Ottoman empire:

"The present not numerous ...

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Window On Eurasia: Moscow Academics Acknowledge Circassians Are One People Not Four

posted by eagle on as CIRCASSIA ADIGA


Window on Eurasia: Moscow Academics Acknowledge Circassians are One People Not Four
Paul Goble

Fairborn, June 23 – The Moscow Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences has declared that the Circassians are one people with a single ethnonym ("Adyge”) and not five peoples – the Adygey, the Cherkess, the Kabardinians, and the Shapsugs – subdivisions of that people that the Soviet system used to divide the Circassians.
The announcement came almost a month ago in response to a query from the International Circassian Association, and this academic conclusion, one that ethnographers outside of the Russian Federation will certainly welcome, does not by itself necessarily point to a shift in Moscow’s policy.
But there are three reasons that this statement will have enormous and immediate policy consequences. First, it will encourage the Circassian peoples to declare themselves "Adyge” in the upcoming census, thus undermining further the Soviet-imposed ...

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