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Mind Your Steps

posted by eagle on June, 2011 as CIRCASSIA ADIGA

Mind Your Steps

22, June, 2011

Justice For North Caucasus Group received an e-mail signed by "CIRCASSIAN NART”, requesting to publish information in in the title "Mind Your Steps” regarding what he described as "people are intending to kidnap the Circassia history and recent gains”, and accordingly the information received is posted hereunder:

The way the Abkhaz government "supported and pushed by certain advantageous parties” has declared and chosen to implement a policy of polarization within the Adyga nation for narrow interests of certain opportunist policies that would benefit certain individuals to the extent that those particular persons with their eyes widely open are coming up with false information by presenting thoughts that fall short of soundness and precession with poisonous data that leads to denying Circassian and North Caucasus facts!!!

Map of Circassia, which is also posted on JFNC, that was published in the year 1855 in English language, shows and proves without the least doubt that Abkhazia is different entity than Circassia and the boundaries of Circassia that show all the territories of its major tribes and people are shown clearly which would prove what kind of hectic campaigns undertaken by total of three to four individuals who aim to blur the truth, without logical or realistic proves, but by using provocations.

According to Dr. DeMusiel (the renowned world scholar on Ubykh language), Ubykh called themselves "Adyga"…

They called their land "Adyga Shabla" (Shabla is a land in Ubykh language), and they called their Khabza "Adyga Khabza".  

According to Professor Lars Funch, who visited Sochi this year and its museum, most of the rivers, valleys, hills, gorges have Adyga names.

Adyga and Ubykh is one people, regardless of whoever is intending the acquisition of the situation depending on issues of personal and comfort nature.

If Abkhazians are related to Adyga in the same way, may be their parliament should recognize the Circassian Genocide ahead of anyone else, or at least they should have inserted or mentioned the word Adyga when they tried to recognize their own Genocide.

In the following is the document in Russian and English languages:

Speaker of the National Assembly –

Parliament of the Republic of Abkhazia

Sokrat Djindjolia


November 15, 1997

# 362 - с – XIII




Resolution of the National Assembly – Parliament of the Republic of Abkhazia "About the act of deportation of the Abkhazians (Abaza) in 19th century”


Colonialist politics of the Russian Empire during the Russo-Caucasian war (1817-1864) and following period cause great irreparable destruction to the Abkhazian (Abaza) people, its genofund. During the war of liberation for the independence of their country part of the people was physically destroyed, and 80% of the survivors were exiled into Ottoman Empire.

During the war, multiple retaliatory measures, exiles of Abkhazians (Abaza) from the historical Motherland totally was cleansed north-western and central parts of the Abkhazia. Ceased to exist such sub-ethnic groups and territorial communities as Sadzi, Ahchipsi, Aybgha, Tswidja, Ps’ho, Gum, Tsabal, Dal and others, like closely related to Abkhazians (Abaza) Ubykhs, once populated areas in between the rivers of Khosta and Shakhe and the majority of Abaza population of Northern Caucasus. As a separate ethnic enclaves in Abkhazia left groups of Bzip, Abjiwa and Samurzakan, in the Northern Caucasus only Tapantaa and Ashkarwa. 300 thousands of the Abkhazians (Abaza) deported in 19th century according to the contemporary international law are considered as refugees.

Incalculable disasters and sufferings fell upon the deported people, dozens of thousands of people became the victims of famine, exposure to the severe weather conditions and epidemics. Abkhazians (Abaza) were unreasonably alleged by the Tsar regime in committing the "betrayal”. They were denied to return to the Motherland. Thousands of the Abkhazians being went through the extreme hardships on the way from Turkey could reach the coasts of Abkhazia coming back, however local administration used to reexile them back. Abkhazians who could stay in Abkhazia were announced "guilty” and "temporary” population of the country. They were deprived the right to settle in the central and coastal Abkhazia and any miserable anti-government manifestation could be a reason for total exile.

However, it has to be noticed, that Russian authority denounced in 1907 insulting label of "guilty” and "temporary” population from Abkhazians, but neither Tsarism nor Mentchevik regimes of Georgian Democratic Republic (1918-1921), nor authorities of the Soviet Georgia and USSR were willing to resolve the problem of Abkhazians’ repatriation. Numerous individual and collective appeals of the representatives of Abkhazian (Abaza) diasporas requesting their right to return into historical Motherland were usually left unanswered. While ignoring Abkhazian requests authorities of Georgia and their protégé in the Kremlin were conducting purposeful complex measures to relocate into Abkhazia masses of Georgians with the plans of following assimilation of remained in the historical Motherland Abkhazians.  

Today more than 4 thousands of petitions about returning back into Motherland for language, national culture, traditions and general ethnic identity preservation are on pending waiting for the appropriate decision of the Government of the Republic of Abkhazia.

Considering the historical and legal assessment of the fatal for the Abkhazian (Abaza) people events of the 19th century, National Assembly of the Republic of Abkhazia states:

1)      To recognize the mass annihilation and exile of the Abkazians (Abaza) in 19th century into Ottoman Empire as a genocide, the greatest crime against humankind.

2)      To recognize according to the Convention of the General Assembly UN from July 28, 1951 deported Abkhazians (Abaza) of 19th century as the refugees.

3)      To recognize  firm right of volunteer and unconditional return for the descendents of the deported in 19th century Abkhazians (Abaza) into their historical Motherland.   

4)      To apply into UN, OSCE, CIS and other international organizations, Russian State as the successor of the Russian Empire and USSR, with the request about necessary political, financial, and humanitarian assistance during the process of volunteer unconditional repatriation and integration the descendants of the deported in 19th century Abkhazians (Abaza).

5)      To charge the Committee of the legislature and Commission for the inter-parliamentary relations and relations with compatriots of the National Assembly prepare drafts of legislative acts about systematic repatriation of the Abkhazians (Abaza).  

6)      Taking under consideration the state importance of the repatriation process, to offer to the President and the Government of the Republic of Abkhazia while defining and implementing the general interior and foreign policies to adopt a complex program of repatriation and absorbtion of the foreign Abkhazians (Abaza).

7)      To appeal to all republican and local authorities, political parties, NGOs, business and commercial structures to provide necessary political, psychological and material  assistance during repatriation of the Abkhazians (Abaza).


Speaker of the National Assembly – Parliament of the Republic of Abkhazia

Sokrat Djindjolia


November 15, 1997



Спикер Народного Собрания –

Парламента Республики Абхазия

Сократ Джинджолия

г. Сухум

15 ноября 1997 года

№ 362 - с - XIII


Постановление народного собрания - парламента республики Абхазия


"Об акте депортации абхазов (абаза) в 19 в".


Колониальная политика РИ в годы русско-кавказской войны (1817-1864 гг.) и последующие периоды нанесла абхазскому (абаза) народу, его генофонду непоправимый урон. За участие в борьбе за свободу и независимость своей страны часть этноса была физически истреблена, 80% из уцелевших было изгнано в Османскую Империю.

В результате войны, неоднократных карательных мер, изгнания абхазов (абаза) из исторической Родины полностью была опустошена Северо-Западная и Центральная Абхазия, исчезли жившие там этнографические группы и территориальные общины садзов, ахчипсуйцев, айбговцев, цвиджев, псхувцев, гумцев, цебельдинцев, дальцев и др., а также близкородственные абхазам (абаза) убыхи, населявшие территорию между реками Хоста и Шахе, большинство абазин (абаза), живших на Северном Кавказе. В Абхазии лишь в виде отдельных этнических анклавов остались бзыбцы, абжуйцы, и самурзаканцы, на Северном Кавказае - тапанта и ашхаруа. Депортированные в 19 в. более 300 тысяч абхазов (абаза), по современному международному праву считаются беженцами.

Неисчислимые бедствия и страдания постигли депортированное население - десятки тысяч людей стали жертвами голода, холода и эпидемий. Царизм изгнанных абхазов (абаза) необоснованно обвинил в "предательстве". Им было отказано в возвращении на родину. Тысячи абхазов, преодолевшие неимоверные трудности, добирались до Турции к берегам Абхазии, однако местная администрация их отправляла обратно. Абхазы же, оставшиеся в Абхазии, были объявлены "виновным" и "временным" населением страны. Их лишали права селиться в Центральной и Прибрежной Абхазии и за малейшее антиправительственное выступление им грозила опасность поголовной ссылки.

Правда, российские власти в 1907 году сняли с абхазов оскорблявшие их национальное достоинство ярлык "виновного" и статус "временного" населения, однако ни царизм, ни меньшевистский режим Грузинской Демократической Республики (1918-1921 гг.) ни власти Советской Грузии, ни правительство СССР, не разрешали проблему репатриации абхазов - многочисленные индивидуальные и коллективные обращения представителей абхазской (абаза) диаспоры в адрес правительства вышеназванных государств на предмет их возвращения на историческую родину, как правило, оставались без внимания. Власти Грузии и их покровители в Кремле в то же самое время осуществляли целенаправленные комплексные меры по массовому переселению в Абхазию грузин из Грузии и ассимиляции оставшихся на своей исторической родине абхазов.

На сегодняшний день ждут соответствующего решения от правительства РА более 4 тыс. заявителей абхазской диаспоры на предмет возвращения на историческую родину для сохранения языка, национальной культуры, традиций и в целом этнического самосознания.

Давая историческую и политико-правовую оценку роковым для абхазского (абаза) народа событиям 19 в., Народное Собрание РА постановляет:

1) Признать массовое истребление и изгнание абхазов (абаза) в 19 в. в Османскую империю геноцидом - тягчайшим преступлением против человечества.

2) Признать согласно Конвенции Генеральной Ассамблеи ООН от 28 июля 1951 года депортированных абхазов (абаза) в 19 в. - беженцами.

3) Признать незыблемым право добровольного и беспрепятственного возвращения потомков депортированных в 19 в. абхазов (абаза) на их историческую родину.

4) Обратится в ООН, ОБСЕ, СНГ, другие международные организации, Российскому государству как правопреемнику РИ и СССР, с просьбой об оказании необходимой политической, материальной и гуманитарной помощи процессу добровольной беспрепятственной репатриации и интеграции потомков депортированных в 19 в. абхазов (абаза).

5) Поручить Комитету по законодательству и Комиссии по межпарламентским связям и связям с соотечественниками Народного Собрания разработать проекты законодательных актов о планомерной репатриации абхазов (абаза).

6) Предложить Президенту и Кабинету Министров РА при определении и реализации основных направлений внутренней и внешней политики страны, учитывая государственную важность репатриации потомков абхазских беженцев 19 в., принять комплексную программу по репатриации и абсорбции зарубежных абхазов (абаза).

7) Обратиться ко всем республиканским и местным органам государственного управления, политическим партиям, общественным организациям, хозяйственным и коммерческим структурам оказать необходимую политическую, морально-психологическую и материальную помощь в репатриации абхазов (абаза).


Спикер Народного Собрания – Парламента Республики Абхазия

Сократ Джинджолия

г. Сухум

15 ноября 1997 года

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