Address of the President of Adygeya to participants of the "Circassian Day” in the European Parliament
27 ноября 2010
Dear deputies of the European Parliament, dear compatriots,
It is with great satisfaction that I am welcoming the participants of the fifth "Circassian Day” in the European Parliament. Holding this event in the European Parliament has become a good tradition in recent years. Presentation of achievements of modern Circassian culture, consideration of the issues of ethnic-and-cultural renaissance and development of our nation, and discussion of urgent political problems of the Circassian society at the European summit are surely of great importance to all Circassians.
Our nation belongs to the European family. This can be proved by the historical path trodden by Circassians, as well as by the principles on which the social life of our people was and, in part, is still based. In medieval times Circassia represented a country with a clear-cut vassal system of a European type. Chivalrous courtesy of Circassian aristocracy is well known all over the world. These streaks contributed to the forming of a distinguishing characteristic of Circassian culture.
Circassia went on integrating into a single political and cultural entity as a confederation. The spirit of competition and aspiration for omniparity were invariably typical of Circassian society.
At the end of the 18th century, when the monarchy in France was overthrown by the revolution, Circassia also witnessed a social revolution that changed its social and political system once and for all. From now on the nobles and the rest of the people acquired equal rights, while legislative and executive powers were henceforth vested in elected bodies, khase. Thousands of such self-government institutions exercised authority on a permanent basis, from local khases to nationwide conventions, zefes.
The judicial system in Circassia became an independent branch of power. It was based on a customary legal system known as Adyghe Khabze. The court represented a jury.
The peak of political and judicial reforms in Circassia was establishing a national parliament, Majlis – the Grand Free Assembly composed of 12 elected representatives delegated by 12 areas of the country. By the way, if you take a look at the Circassian national flag, you will see 12 stars.
The principles forming the basis of the present-day integrated Europe are virtually the same that laid the foundation of Circassia in the middle of the 19th century. Ludmila Cherina (Chemerzina, 1924-2004), the great daughter of the Circassian nation, endowed Europe and the whole world not only with her rare artistic gift, but also with the key symbol of European integration. I regard it as a profound symbol of integration into the European civilization of a long-suffering people of Circassia, scattered around the globe and striving to recover its national hearth.
With all my heart I would like to wish you health, welfare, happiness and new achievements in behalf of our people and for the sake of noble ideas of peace, virtue and justice!
President of the Republic of Adygeya Aslan Tkhakushinov
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