I could write at
length about the Adyghian clappers. I have written a book about this
instrument. However, this paper will first introduce the instrument,
and then discuss some basic matters as well as some questions to which
Russian researchers have, in the meantime, partly found answers.
are the Adyghian clappers? In the Adyghian language they are referred
to as pkhachich – “pkha” is tree and “chich” is onomatopoeia. According
to the systematization of Ernst Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt
Sachs1, pkhachich refers to the group of simultaneously strucked
idiophones (111.12: clappers).
Pkhachich consists of 7 to 9
small (palm-size) simultaneously struck wooden plates that are fastened
together by a leather attached to a handle. Comparable instruments
exist in many cultures of the Caucasus:
Abasin clappers are referred to as “pkharchak”, Abkhazian -
“ainkyaga”, Osetian - “karzganag”, Chechenian - “gemansh”, Karachaevs
- “satrazialo”, Balkarian - “khars”. Со-struck idiophones occur among
the Chuvashs - “satarma”, Tatars - “shaltyrma”, Mordwian - “shavoma”,
Maris - “lochirtysh”. Chinese "pai-pan" and Japanese “kiokiriko”.
Neapolitan “trikkabolakka” and Greek “kroupalon” belong to the same
group as well.
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