Hotmail  |  Gmail  |  Yahoo  |  Justice Mail
powered by Google
WWW http://www.JusticeForNorthCaucasus.com

Add JFNC Google Bar Button to your Browser Google Bar Group  
 
 
Welcome To Justice For North Caucasus Group

Log in to your account at Justice For North Caucasus eMail system.

Request your eMail address

eMaill a Friend About This Site.

Google Translation

 

 

Window On Eurasia: Circassians Reaffirm Common Identity On Deportation Anniversary

posted by eagle on May, 2009 as CIRCASSIA ADIGA


THURSDAY, MAY 21, 2009

Window on Eurasia: Circassians Reaffirm Common Identity on Deportation Anniversary

Paul Goble

Vienna, May 21 – Today, the more than 700,000 Circassians in the North Caucasus and their more than five million co-ethnics in Turkey, the Middle East, Europe, and around the world are marking the 145th anniversary of the expulsion of their ancestors after one hundred years of violent resistance to Russian expansion.
Many of the 1.5 million Circassians who were expelled died in the course of that action, leading their descendents and scholars who have studied that tragedy to label it “the forgotten genocide.” But this year, buoyed by Moscow’s recognition of Abkhazia, ever more Circassians are focusing on the future and have put forward five major demands.
First, while seeking official Russian recognition of and an apology for the tsarist expulsion of the Circassians nearly a century and a half ago, their descendents are asking for that not as a standalone measure but as the basis for developing a special program for the rebirth of the Circassian nation.
The Adyge Khase organization issued an appeal to President Dmitry Medvedev calling on him to issue a statement “in which would be given an appropriate assessment of the bestial crime of tsarist autocracy in the North Caucasus” and given those expelled the chance for “a return to the land of their ancestors (www.natpress.net/stat.php?id=3845). 
Meanwhile, the International Circassian Association said that while mindful of the past, it does “not intend to turn its back on the future.” Instead, the organization called for the adoption of a special program to help the Circassians overcome the consequences of the Caucasus wars (www.natpress.net/stat.php?id=3846).
Second, because Sochi was the site of the 1864 deportation and because plans for the development of facilities for the Olympics there fail to respect the memory of that event and the life of the Circassians still living there, Circassian organizations have called for the site of the games to be moved (www.natpress.net/stat.php?id=3845).
The Olympics are an especially sensitive issue. On the one hand, Vladimir Putin has made them a centerpiece of his career, but on the other, he and other Russian officials have ignored the sensitivities of the Circassians and the fact that the games scheduled for 2014 will occur on the 150th anniversary of the expulsion and genocide of the Circassians.
Third, Circassians living in the North Caucasus and the more numerous Circassians living in the diaspora are seeking a radical simplification of the procedures for the repatriation of the community and also for dual citizenship, neither of which the Russian authorities seem inclined to grant (www.natpress.net/stat.php?id=3847). 
Most Circassians who have tried to return have fallen under the provisions of the 1991 Russian citizenship law which requires that they give up their previous citizenship, live in the country for five years before getting Russian citizenship, and know Russian, all of which limits the attractiveness of coming back.
And their situation has deteriorated as a result of the adoption in 2003 of the Russian law on the legal status of foreign citizens living in the Russian Federation. That measure makes it even more difficult for Circassians from the diaspora to return, even though Moscow officials say they would like to have more repatriates. 
Fourth, and with a new urgency this year, the Circassians want to reaffirm their common identity as Circassians. Although many of them are grateful to Soviet power for creating three Circassian republics in the North Caucasus, they are angry that Moscow divided their nation into Adygeys, Kabardinians, Circassians, and Shapsugs.
And consequently, they have resumed the campaign they launched in the early 1990s to have all these subgroups of the Circassian nation eliminated in the upcoming census and to allow members of each to declare themselves as Circassians rather than one of the other Soviet-era identities (www.elot.ru/main/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1186&Itemid=5).
Most Circassians believe, their leaders insist, that “the recognition by the organs of state power of the Russian Federation of the ethnic unity of Circassians living in the Russian Federation and the reestablishment of a single ethnonym (unification) for their designation is at the present time the chief task” on whose resolution depend all the others.
And fifth, following on that, the Circassians in the North Caucasus and abroad would like to see the restoration of a single Circassian Republic, eliminating the ethno-territorial divisions Stalin imposed on the people and allowing the Circassians to resume a separate and distinct national life as they did prior to their defeat and expulsion in 1864.
That would require a dramatic reordering of the North Caucasus, something that the Circassians say is a matter of simple justice but that Moscow views as a threat to stability. And although most Circassians insist that they see their future within the Russian Federation, their enthusiasm for the independence of Abkhazia suggests they have larger plans.
As a result, even if the Russian government is willing to make concessions on all the other points, Moscow appears unlikely to yield on this one, thus continuing a situation in which the increasing nationalism of the rising generation will clash with the increasing authoritarianism of the Russian state well into the future (www.natpress.net/stat.php?id=3847).

comments (0)


1 - 1 of 1



 RSS FEED


New Posts



Search CIRCASSIA ADIGA



CIRCASSIA ADIGA



Archive


 december 2014

 march 2014

 february 2014

 december 2013

 november 2013

 october 2013

 september 2013

 august 2013

 june 2013

 may 2013

 april 2013

 march 2013

 february 2013

 january 2013

 december 2012

 november 2012

 october 2012

 september 2012

 august 2012

 july 2012

 june 2012

 may 2012

 april 2012

 march 2012

 february 2012

 january 2012

 december 2011

 november 2011

 october 2011

 september 2011

 august 2011

 july 2011

 june 2011

 may 2011

 april 2011

 march 2011

 february 2011

 december 2010

 november 2010

 october 2010

 september 2010

 august 2010

 july 2010

 june 2010

 may 2010

 april 2010

 march 2010

 february 2010

 january 2010

 december 2009

 november 2009

 october 2009

 september 2009

 august 2009

 july 2009

 june 2009

 may 2009

 april 2009

 march 2009

 february 2009

 june 2008

 may 2008

 april 2008

 july 2007

 june 2007



Acknowledgement: All available information and documents in "Justice For North Caucasus Group" is provided for the "fair use". There should be no intention for ill-usage of any sort of any published item for commercial purposes and in any way or form. JFNC is a nonprofit group and has no intentions for the distribution of information for commercial or advantageous gain. At the same time consideration is ascertained that all different visions, beliefs, presentations and opinions will be presented to visitors and readers of all message boards of this site. Providing, furnishing, posting and publishing the information of all sources is considered a right to freedom of opinion, speech, expression, and information while at the same time does not necessarily reflect, represent, constitute, or comprise the stand or the opinion of this group. If you have any concerns contact us directly at: eagle@JusticeForNorthCaucasus.com


Page Last Updated: {Site best Viewed in MS-IE 1024x768 or Greater}Copyright © 2005-2009 by Justice For North Caucasus ®