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Sources of the democratic regime in Russia

posted by zaina19 on July, 2005 as ANALYSIS / OPINION

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From: MSN NicknameEagle_wng  (Original Message)    Sent: 7/2/2005 7:31 PM
June, 29, 2005

Sources of the democratic regime in Russia

(Continuation of a cycle by clause)

We began our narration with the story, how security officers led by Andropov in 1982 seized power in the Soviet empire - and gradually we reached the spring of 2004, when the president of Russia again became a lieutenant colonel of the KGB Putin. Then there was nothing else left, but to thank the readers for attention and to say goodbye… But instead of it we will have to return again back to the "sources", to the 80th years - and to begin everything almost from the beginning again! It is necessary to reconsider the concept of development of our society considerably again: new materials have been involved in our scheme of how the struggle between security officers' groupings proceeded, ineradicable contradictions have appeared again - again we have to break everything and to build it from the beginning… We cannot guarantee that there are no mistakes in our new scheme, but it will be one more step to the true through the veil of lie.

So, we shall return to our old friends again.

Chebrikov and Kryuchkov

We earlier considered the history of the Soviet empire after the death of Andropov in February, 1984, as a struggle between two security officers' clans, the heads of which two main colleagues of Andropov – the chairman of the KGB Chebrikov and the chief of the external investigation (PGU of the KGB) Kryuchkov were. Firstly we understood this struggle primitively: the investigation and counterespionage struggled for the authority! Then we realized, that already during the lifetime of Andropov the whole management of the KGB turned out to be completely in hands of the external investigation - then we tried to explain the political struggle of those years, as a struggle of the European and Asian directions of the external investigation of the KGB. But it turned out, that it was not also so, - first only one "Asian mafia" completely dominated in the KGB, and "Europeans" proved themselves to be an independent force much later (in the end of the 90th)…

So, who with whom struggled on behalf of comrades Chebrikov and Kryuchkov, what groupings?

Now such an answer is offered: there was no struggle between the clans of Chebrikov and Kryuchkov! Actually it was the united security officers' mafia… We shall remind that we have taken the following facts for display of this struggle:

1. In October, 1988, Chebrikov conceded the post of the chairman of the KGB Kryuchkov and was appointed as the Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU - responsible for bodies.

2. For two years Kryuchkov gradually placed his people from the external investigation in the management of the KGB. And Chebrikov stayed at the post of the Secretary of the Central Committee only for a year and then was dismissed (for the Tbilisi massacre in April, 1989).

3. In the end of 1990 - the beginning of 1991 Kryuchkov (or those, who supported him) completely updated the whole state management of the USSR . Then this future command of the "putschists" was generated: Yazov, Pugo, Pavlov, Yanaev, etc.

4. In January, 1991 a large group of the generals of the KGB led by Bobkov (general Bobkov was "Chebrikov's man", the first vice-president of the KGB) was dismissed. And literally in several days Kryuchkov arranged the massacre in Baltic; it was like a rehearsal of the "August putsch".

Kryuchkov headed for liquidation of democracy and restoration of "the Soviet authority" (i.e. the totalitarian regime). But as the result of the August putsch of 1991 he found himself in jail - and the Soviet Union collapsed completely …

It would seem the struggle between security officers' clans of Chebrikov and Kryuchkov is evident. But it is not so – it turned out to be impossible to find out a separate "Kryuchkov's clan", simply it did not exist. But there are indications at close communication between Chebrikov and Kryuchkov. These are the facts:

After the resignation General Bobkov got over to the management of the group "Bridge", which nominally was headed with oligarch Gusinskiy, the deserved agent of the KGB. The group "Bridge" after the victory of democracy was a part of Luzhkov's Moscow clan. But Kryuchkov, when he went out prison in 1994, also turned out to be at service of this security officers' clan - and not somewhere in the boondocks, but in the Security service AFK "System"! As it is known, it is investigation of Luzhkov's clan - it is headed by general Guseinov, the former chairman of the KGB of Azerbaijan. A person from a hostile clan can not be admitted into such a confidential place! And any mafia grouping cannot let one of his heads go to the competitors - and Kryuchkov, even if he was not the most important man in security officers' mafia, all the same he knows much… there is a simple conclusion here: Kryuchkov and Chebrikov actually consisted in one security officers' mafia – the "Asian" one.

There is only one contradiction left: in memoirs of Kryuchkov his hostile attitude to Chebrikov can be felt – there is a latent idea, that Chebrikov allowed "the American spies" to disorganize the Soviet empire and to establish democracy. And Kryuchkov headed the KGB, when it was already late to do anything… The enmity between these figures would have any value, if they actually were the leaders of the security officers' mafias, instead of only nominal figures. But certainly, generals of the external investigation, who had created this secret mafia organization, could not admit, that the whole authority would appear in hands of laymen from the party apparatus. Kryuchkov became a security officer in the age of 43 years, and Chebrikov in 44 years - too late to become a relied person in bodies. Especially, during such an epoch, when the fight for authority above the whole Soviet empire began between the KGB and the party apparatus!

There was a struggle inside the security officers' mafia in the end of the 80th years - but it was not yet a struggle for authority between the clans, but only an ideological collision in occasion of what political rate to choose: to finish with the perestroika and to declare a dictatorship to rescue socialism - or to continue to go forward up to the end, as it was already late to turn back…

Now we shall not go deep into consideration of the reasons of the failure of the KGB plan on rescue of the socialist structure by means of an economic reform of the Hungarian or Chinese sample. Political scientists Vladimir Solovev and Elena Klepikova consider, that the main reason of the failure of the reorganization consists in that the Soviet top underestimated the force of the interethnic break, which blew up our "brotherly family of peoples", when they weakened the fetters a little. To cut each other – this is what they decided to do first of all, when they were given freedom! Security officers did not take it into consideration, that degree of freedom, which a mono-national state presumes, it is not necessary for an empire, which is kept only in conditions of the rigid centralization and mainly by means of violence... However, it did not make any work to security officers to appoint their as the head of any "popular front" - but if the whole population of the given republic was for separation from the Soviet Union, these informers had to shout most loudly about the struggle against "invaders" to keep the control above the crowd!

We can add also one more explanation to it, why "they wanted it to be better, but it turned out to be as always": security officers also did not take it into consideration, that during an economic reform they would not be able to stop at the necessary moment to snatch a superfluous piece personally for themselves - as the result of it, there was an uncontrollable total robbery of the national property. And when these two spontaneous processes (i.e. "people's liberation movement" and struggle for hard currency) were imposed against each other, it was the end of the Soviet empire. Here the interests of the management and rank-and-file members of the security officers' mafia did not meet: nobody wanted to exchange his personal accounts and foreign country houses for imperial greatness and other abstraction…

The picture turns out to be approximately such: somewhere by the end of 1990 the ruling security officers' mafia realized, that the continuation of perestroika meant a disorder of the Soviet Union in the nearest future. Since that moment all convulsive attempts of the chairman of the KGB Kryuchkov reflect intentions of the top of this mafia to turn back - at a passive sabotage of these efforts from a great bulk of security officers. And the final failure of the "putsch of the SCSE" in August, 1991, was the result of resolute counteraction of those security officers' groupings, which had admission to the surrounding of the Russian president Yeltsin. Two more small security officers' groupings - Gaydar-Chubays's command and "Petersburg-Karelian mafia" joined this future "family clan" in struggle for "democracy". So, these three groupings formed Yeltsin's originally united clan, which till 1994 was a part of the KGB “Asian mafia". After 1994 the whole "family" kept together (having a strong general enemy on behalf of "the Moscow clan"), but the "privatization" began, and all of them fought among each other - as the result of it, Yeltsin's clan broke up into components…

Now we can explain whence the unclear confidence of Kryuchkov, that everything was under control and that the president of Russia Yeltsin soon would acknowledge the authority of the SCSE in the morning of the 19 th of August, was: the management of the mafia made a decision, what else problems could be! But soon he found out, that everything was not so simple and departed for Foros to President Gorbachev to surrender…

As far as the events of 1993 are concerned, here so far many things remain unclear – it is still difficult to say, what forces supported the “revolt of Rutskoi-Khasbulatov" against president Yeltsin. Too much things are mixed here:

1. The discontent of simple people that they were plundered in the most impudent way.

2. The discontent of the significant part of the party apparatus that it was not allowed participating in this robbery.

3. The grandiose provocation from the Kremlin mafia, which by means of provokers purposefully aggravated the conflict with the Supreme Council to arrange a bloody massacre and "to put things in order".

4. The badly latent sympathy from the " Moscow " security officers' clan in relation of the party nomenclature to this revolt. Officially "Luzhkov's supporters" condemned the rebels, but in practice they tried to rescue the Supreme Council from the rout (Kobzon's peace-making mission, etc.).

We can only ascertain the results of October events of 1993: the huge potential of the national discontent was spent on nothing and left into the ground - and Yeltsin's regime after the suppression of the "mutiny of the Supreme Council" only became stronger; the councils of all levels were dispersed and the new constitution, according to which the president received almost imperial powers, was approved…

It was the last political conflict inside the ruling clique of Russia, which had an ideological character (even externally) - after that security officers' groupings struggled among themselves only for the authority and for money, without any special "ideas".

To understand what happened in Russia those years, it is necessary to understand precisely one thing: the security officers' mafia has arisen in our country ONLY ONCE, like life on the Earth. And further mafia groupings multiplied already by the method of division, like amoebas. Having gemmated once, these new mafias cannot merge back into one organism any more (unless only if one mafia grouping will gobble up another one!) – They can only make temporary fragile unions against stronger competitors…

When did this new "form of a life” appear in the bowels of the Soviet empire for the first time?

The question is very complex. It is necessary to return to the Soviet past deeply enough - in 1956 according to the orders of the Central Committee of the CPSU the external investigation began to be engaged in drug-dealing in the West and to come into contacts to the local organized criminal groupings with this purpose. There are indications of a very authoritative witness about it - the former general of the Czechoslovak army Yan Sheina. Sheina was the chief of the Joint Headquarters and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party in Czechoslovakia - until in 1968 he escaped to the West. He told in details about this business, which he knew very well, as he had been engaged in it… As we have already said, our KGB carried out only general management of different dark affairs, like drug-dealing or terrorism, and the whole dirty work was done by special services of the brotherly countries of socialism. The active role this criminal activity was played always by our military investigation GRU and the "brotherly" military investigations subordinated to it – so, it is no wonder, that in 60th years general Sheina turned out to be in the epicenter of the drug-dealing of the Western hemisphere, on the island of Cuba. The island of Freedom took part in transit of cocaine from the South America to the Northern one since 1960, i.e. from the first days of existence of the regime of Fidel Castro. And the activity of the Cuban investigation on the organization of drug-traffic was supervised by his brother Raul Castro...

As far as the contacts of the KGB to the western mafias are concerned, there is nothing to explain here: ideological communists did not suit such a work - it was necessary to make friends with gangsters. Certainly, "friendship" with the KGB assumed a complete submission – basically, equality in rights in cooperation with security officers cannot exist.

But there is one nuance here: while our external investigation was engaged in the dirtiest and criminal affairs, but did it under the control of the state (i.e. the party management) and worked not for its pocket – then it was not a mafia in its pure condition. The security officers' mafia began, when security officers first organized their own secret cash department, and then with its help began to prepare for the capture of the authority. We do not know precisely when there was this turning-point, (most likely, in 1956!) It is only known, that in the middle of the 60th years whole streams of various drugs only from different rushed to the West; only then the narcotism became a real disaster there (earlier only marginal layers of the society took a great interest in this business). Approximately then (in 1967) Yury Andropov became the chairman of the KGB. And in 1982 he became the Secretary general of the Central Committee of the CPSU - and since then security officers strongly keep the authority; first above the whole Soviet empire, and then above its splinters… For all these years drug-dealing uncontrollably grew - already even drug-dealers agreed about some maximal quotas not to admit overproduction and sharp falling of prices…

We shall return to 1982. Having seized the power, security officers decided to get engaged in "perestroika" of the Soviet society. It was not Andropov's personal, strong-willed decision – or else everything would decay not having begun right after his death (1984). There was an objective necessity for an economic reform - the Soviet economy gradually rolled down into crisis. Even according to the official data, the rates of growth decreased every year - and according to the informal data, the recession (not large one yet) had already begun… But there were also opponents of any reforms among security officers - therefore the internal struggle of 1984 inside Andropov's clan was only an ideological collision in the security officers' mafia. There was no organizational split for the conflicting clans then - for that simple reason, that security officers were resisted by a powerful opponent, the not finished party apparatus. The victory of supporters of the "perestroika" in the spring of 1985, when the General Secretary became Michael Gorbachev, resulted then to the restoration of unity of the security officers' mafias.

Security officers tried to carry out immediately the economic transformations planned by them for a long time - but they encountered a wall of deaf resistance of the party apparatus at the level of regional committees and below. It turned out that it was necessary to change the whole political system of the state – or else there would be no reforms. Security officers quite could do without democratization: using the apparatus of the Central Committee of the CPSU, seized by them, it was possible to replace gradually first regional committees and then district committees for their informers - and so on, down to party organizations of the local level. But it would take too many years – but there was no time left, the Soviet economy would have collapsed earlier, than the reforms had begun! In addition, from the middle of the 80th years the price for oil lowered to a catastrophically low level - and our economy remained without the only lifebuoy ring (Michael Gorbachev considers, that the prices for oil were deliberately lowered by Americans)… In general, in opinion of experts, our ruling clique was late very much with carrying out of an economic reform (for about 20 years!) Therefore instead of slow suffocation of the party apparatus, security officers had to resort to knocking out impacts: first they declared publicity and defamed the party (the people found out the truth!), and then began to carry out democratic elections to the councils of all levels. Thus security officers managed to achieve election of many "democrats" from among their agents in deputies - and these "democrats" seized power in many republics, regions and in large cities…

Then there was 1991, when the management of the security officers' mafia did not have enough nerves to watch coming nearer disorder of the Soviet Union - but the August putsch failed, Kryuchkov and other putschists found themselves in prison, and the unity of the security officers' mafia managed to be kept for a while (but not for a long time – there were already cracks all the same!).

(To be continued…)

Oleg Grechenevskiy, Petersburg, for Chechenpress, 29.06.05.

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